The conflict has taken many turns since the 24 February Russian invasion, with victories and defeats for both Moscow and Kyiv.
Milestones of the war in Ukraine, six months after invasion
Six months ago, Vladimir Putin ordered tens of thousands of Russian troops into Ukraine on a “special military operation” – a mass invasion on a scale unseen in Europe since World War II.
Since then, tens of thousands of people have been killed, millions have fled and cities have been reduced to rubble by Russia’s relentless bombardment.
Here are some milestones from the conflict:
A chilling speech
Moscow repeatedly denied it would invade Ukraine and once it did, said it sought to “disarm” Kyiv, purge it of “nationalists” and halt the expansion of NATO, not seize territory. But Ukrainians say an address by Russian President Vladimir Putin three days before the 24 February invasion left no doubt he aimed to conquer their country and wipe out their 1000-year national identity.